Category Archives: Politics

The last forfeit

DESPOTISM   –noun

  1. the rule of a despot; the exercise of absolute authority.
  2. absolute power or control; tyranny.
  3. an absolute or autocratic government.
  4. a country ruled by a despot (dictionary.com).

The following is an excerpt from Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, published in 1835:

It seems that if despotism came to be established in the democratic nations of our day, it would have other characteristics: it would be more extensive and milder, and it would degrade men without tormenting them…

When I think of the small passions of men of our day, the softness of their mores, the extent of their enlightenment, the purity of their religion, the mildness of their morality, their laborious and steady habits, the restraint that almost all preserve in vice as in virtue, I do not fear that in their chiefs they will find tyrants, but rather schoolmasters…

I want to imagine with what new features despotism could be produced in the world: I see an innumerable crowd of like and equal men who revolve on themselves without repose, procuring the small and vulgar pleasures with which they fill their souls…

Above these an immense tutelary power is elevated, which alone takes charge of assuring their enjoyments and watching over their fate. It is absolute, detailed, regular, far-seeing, and mild. It would resemble paternal power if, like that, it had for its object to prepare men for manhood; but on the contrary, it seeks only to keep them fixed irrevocably in childhood; it likes citizens to enjoy themselves provided that they think only of enjoying themselves. It willingly works for their happiness; but it wants to be the unique agent and sole arbiter of that; it provides for their security, foresees and secures their needs, facilitates their pleasures, conducts their principal affairs, directs their industry, regulates their estates, divides their inheritances; can it not take away from them entirely the trouble of thinking and the pain of living?

So it is that every day it renders the employment of free will less useful and more rare; it confines the action of the will in a smaller space and little by little steals the very use of it from each citizen…

Thus, after taking each individual by turns in its powerful hands and kneading him as it likes, the sovereign extends its arms over society as a whole; it covers its surface with a network of small, complicated, painstaking, uniform rules through which the most original minds and the most vigorous souls cannot clear a way to surpass the crowd; it does not break wills but it softens them, bends them, and directs them; it rarely forces one to act, but it constantly opposes itself to one’s acting; it does not destroy, it prevents things from being born; it does not tyrannize, it hinders, compromises, enervates, extinguishes, dazes, and finally reduces each nation to being nothing more than a herd of timid and industrious animals of which government is the shepherd…

I have always believed that this sort of regulated, mild, and peaceful servitude, whose picture I have just painted, could be combined better than one imagines with some of the external forms of freedom, and that it would not be impossible for it to be established in the very shadow of the sovereignty of the people (Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, volume two, part four, chapter six).

And from Mark Steyn:

That’s how great nations die—not by war or conquest, but bit by bit, until one day you wake up and you don’t need to sign a formal instrument of surrender because you did it piecemeal over the last ten years (Mark Steyn, America Alone).

Personal independence and responsibility represent the only path to maintaining a liberal democracy in a form that preserves freedom of will and human dignity.  I hope and pray we think carefully before surrendering that independence and asking the state to take that responsibility from us.  It would stand to be the last forfeit; for after this, forfeit is no longer within our personal purview.

Happy Independence Day.

Ideas are bulletproof

And the diminution of ideologues

after a hail of gunfire doesn’t stop V

Creedy: Die! Die! Why won’t you die?… Why won’t you die?
V: Beneath this mask there is more than flesh. Beneath this mask there is an idea, Mr. Creedy, and ideas are bulletproof.

—Taken from Alan Moore’s V for Vendetta

***

I was watching a favorite evening news/commentary program this week, when one of the most opinionated and partisan hosts on television denied the accusation of being an ideologue. It got me thinking….

To be perfectly honest, I didn’t really know what the term ideologue means. It occurred to me that its root must be “idea”—a word with innocuous or even positive connotation—and yet my sense is that ideologue is most often used in a pejorative context. I’ve never heard anyone claim to be one, but have heard people deny it.

A William Safire article confirmed my hunch as it recounts Ralph Waldo Emerson’s observation in 1847 that ideologue was “a word of contempt often in his mouth.” Safire claims the term ideologue is synonymous with “dogmatic”, “doctrinarian” and just short of “zealot”—labels virtually nobody wants ascribed to them. In 1957, the critic Clifton Felton summed it up: “An ideologue may be defined as a mad intellectual. He is not interested in ideas, but—almost the exact contrary—in one idea” (Language: The Evolution of the Ideologue, New York Times, 13 November 2005).

Safire goes on to suggest the term idealist may be construed more positively than ideologue, the former connoting a “high-minded, visionary, if somewhat impractical”—idealist coming from the root ideal, versus ideologue coming from the root idea…a “model of perfection” instead of “a concept” (ibid). Though I’m sure his history is correct, I don’t believe there’s much of a distinction in today’s town square—I think both labels are used to diminish.

It was not always so:

Before the French Revolution, the philosopher Etienne Bonnot de Condillac took an empiricist idea from John Locke that knowledge came from experience and sensations and not, as the rationalists believed, from innate ideas. Condillac’s disciple, Destutt de Tracy, was known as an idéologiste espousing idéologie after the Revolution (as quote by Safire).

So while ideologue may have originally been a label of esteem—noting the value ascribed to knowledge from experience in place of innate ideas—this would eventually reverse. Today, the most feared individual in the public square is the one who believes in innate ideas—the ideologue.

(Chorus gasps as villain enters!)

The hero of this production (life’s sociopolitical drama) is of course the free-thinking, moderate pragmatist (also very handsome), who does not kowtow to these innate ideas. Innate ideas are a collar that the hero throws off—so he can move the lines where our modern sensibilities suggest they belong, rather than letting it be determined by some archaic and esoteric idea. He is able to take inventory of what the world needs now (love, sweet love) and thus make recommendations on how to proceed. He offers hope for what we can achieve.

The hero’s idea is that an ever-evolving humanity should let human history inform its future goals and aspirations—the way we govern and set up our societies. We can correct so much of what we’ve gotten wrong.

Many of today’s heroes, for example, believe religion was the worst construct ever (while often protecting votes by paying lip service to its value). Sure religions filled a need for ancient people (the logic goes)—helping them construct an understanding of the world and maybe giving them a basis on which to organize communities and care for the disenfranchised. But look at all the war and death they have brought—hatred between nations and peoples. Plus, now we’re sophisticated enough to know they’re mystical and nice, but none can actually be true—certainly not any more than another. Clearly, any new society would want to exclude them; particulay those that make a unique claim to truth.

This type of analysis continues through all aspects of society and culture, driven both by the hero and his focus groups. For example, in our generation advanced Western states have often concluded that religion, nationalism and personal charity should be diminished. State run programs and multinationalism should replace them. The list goes on.

So with the very idea of innate ideas rejected, we move the line to a place where it suits us.

The hero’s new idea simply creates a new ideology—a new set of truths; it’s called relativism. We believe it’s freeing but we’re really just escaping from innate truths, only to bind ourselves with constructed truths. Most often, we’re trading ideas for the hope of desired results (see here); and assuming the means will justify the ends. As those desired results change, so moves the new ideology. So moves the line.

Right now, the prevailing wisdom of Western civilation is that a man should be able to do whatever makes him happy—that no one should impose his ideas on another.

I often wonder how this ideology works, because it seems to create some very difficult conundrums.

What happens when your happiness start to infringe on mine? What happens when a behavior starts to compromise social order? What happens if I still love my religion now that we’ve decided that the new order will exclude it? What if my nationalistic pride comes off as arrogance in the new (superior?) multinational world order?

And assuming we can answer these questions and implement the plan, will we like all the consequences?

At the state level, in the most constructive cases, the result of rejecting innate ideas tends to take the form of social engineering. This is the ultimate reversion to the mean, where focus groups determine allocation of resources, values, standards and laws. It strangles outliers with its fraternal embrace—saying: “Believe anything you want, except the existence innate ideas—believe what you will, as long as it maintains no claim to being uniquely correct”. If you make an absolute truth claim, you will be labeled an ideologue—and you will be demonized.

In the more tragic cases, it has resulted in oppressive fascism; but in reality only a fine line separates the two. Personal liberty and freedom diminish in both, and it’s a short jump to fascism once the will of the people is softened by its mild despot (a.k.a. The State).

Neither is a result I think we want.

But even at the moral level, I’m not sure we really accept the natural conclusions of relativism. If Nietzsche was correct in his claim that “there are no facts, only interpretations”, we are left to ponder how we can defend an Idea that we know in our hearts is right and how we can reject behavior that we know in our hearts is wrong (see Are all truth’s equal?).

On what grounds will we defend the value of human life? Many in history have drawn a line that allows for genocide to achieve some “greater end”.

How will we defend the right to personal liberty? Today, Iranians peacefully protesting a rigged election are being killed in the streets.

And on what basis can we condemn the mass murders and rapes of Darfurian civilians or the Iranian regime’s unwillingness to recognize the voice of its people?

These Sovereigns have drawn their lines as we have drawn our own. In the absence of innate ideas, I would suggest all we can do is advance our own interests. Who cares what happens to them?

…But then again, I’m an ideologue.

I understand that scares people, and admittedly not all ideologues are Good. It all depends on what that one idea is.

My idea is a Man.

He started an upside-down, inside-out Kingdom where glory comes only through service (see here). A Man who lived this out by dying to win his great victory—a victory that demonstrated the value of human life and the dignity of each person (see here). And it guaranteed the ultimate restoration and Shalom of this fallen world (see here).

Consequently, I believe what we do on earth matters, both in relation to each other and in relation to the created world. I believe in human dignity, the right to personal liberty and the obligation to defend the defenseless, to enfranchise the disenfranchised (see here). And I believe that we are not granted the privilege of ignoring any of the above in the interest of pursuing other personal or national interests.

I’m interested in lots of ideas, contrary to what Mr. Felton might have suspected, but I will not forsake the above for any other. No end is greater than what is required by this Idea.

***

By the way, I think John Locke was right, at least halfway. We should have a worldview that is informed by experience and sensation. Truth should not only be right, it should feel right (we know this in our hearts)—it should be consistent with what we see around us (see also here, here and here). But his argument does not offer logic that allows us to reject the notion of innate truth.

We’re left to ask, what if there are some ideas that are innate?

True, many are the claims of innate truth; and they are different in nature. But shouldn’t we at least understand what those claims are before rejecting even the possibility? I can tell you this; they wouldn’t go away just because we thought them inconvenient. They wouldn’t die just because we wanted them to. Ideas are bulletproof and innate ideas are eternal. An idea can still change the world.

***

Evey Hammond: Remember, remember, the Fifth of November, the Gunpowder Treason and Plot. I know of no reason why the Gunpowder Treason should ever be forgot… But what of the man? I know his name was Guy Fawkes and I know, in 1605, he attempted to blow up the Houses of Parliament. But who was he really? What was he like? We are told to remember the idea, not the man, because a man can fail. He can be caught, he can be killed and forgotten, but 400 years later, an idea can still change the world. I’ve witnessed first hand the power of ideas, I’ve seen people kill in the name of them, and die defending them… but you cannot kiss an idea, cannot touch it, or hold it… ideas do not bleed, they do not feel pain, they do not love… And it is not an idea that I miss, it is a man… A man that made me remember the Fifth of November. A man that I will never forget.

V for Vendetta, Alan Moore.


As a rule, only very learned and clever men deny what is obviously true. Common men have less brains, but more sense.

—William T. Stace

The case for compassion

I was speaking with a friend on the topic of my new blog and though he was generally supportive (as he always is), he was also somewhat critical of my WALL-E and the Welfare State post.

He suggested I missed a lot of nuance on the topic and that I came across as cold and uncompassionate. Upon reflection, I’ve concluded he was right (as he usually is).

I rode fairly roughshod over a tough topic and perhaps focused too much on one edge of a blade at the expense of the other.  After spending a week in this space reflecting and writing on the importance of Easter and of the new upside-down, inside-out Kingdom it created (see Upside-down, Inside-out or Good News), my last post may seem to stand in conflict.

So how do I reconcile opposition to a welfare state with an upside-down, inside-out Kingdom?  How do I reconcile the system of gaining through giving with an opposition to vast government programs for the poor?   How can it be appropriate to respond to the profligate giving of God (giving even his own son!) with reluctance to give of ourselves?

Jesus said “The poor you will always have with you…” (Matthew 26:11).

It’s worth exploring some nuance as to our role living along-side them.

***

In Genesis, Moses delivers God’s message of creation that gives us three important clues as to who we are as people.   First, God tells us that He created us in his image—“So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them” (Genesis 1:27).  Second, God gives us work that is significant—“Be fruitful and increase in number, fill the earth and subdue it.  Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground.” (Genesis 28b).  Third, God tells us He is pleased with us, even before we had done anything!—“God saw all that he had made, and it was good.” (Genesis 1:31a).

The first humans were molded by the hands of the God of History, were given a task of significance and were pleasing to God. The implications are limitless but allow me to point out two as they pertain to the case for compassion: the value and the responsibility of each human.  God Himself created us and is pleased with us—pointing to the inherent value and significance of each human life.  He has also given us a responsibility that suggests what we do on earth matters.  It is nothing less than the Creator telling us that we are precious to him and asking us to care for His creation—to care for one another.

Said another way, we learn in Genesis we were made to have a relationship with God first, then with one another.  When we reflect on the inherent value of every individual and the task God has given us, it follows that our relationship to one another must include service to the poor and disenfranchised.

“Love your neighbor as yourself,” Jesus said.  It’s unavoidable but to conclude that we must care for one another.

But how?

***

There are two main frameworks through which we can address social or community challenges.  We can take responsibility and work together towards solutions or we can lay off responsibility to some larger institution(s).

Mark Steyn, the Canadian satirist, recently wrote a column in his Happy Warrior space for The National Review (The Spirit of Liberty, April 6, 2009).  In it, he tells the story of a town in which the highway department condemned two small bridges.  Steyn explains that for the first bridge the town applied “…for funds under the 80/20 state/town formula: The bridge has yet to be constructed and in that time the cost— including the town-funded 20 per cent—has almost doubled”.

So they repaired the second bridge themselves for less than half the cost of the first—coming together, donating time and money and solving the problem as a community, quickly and efficiently.

It’s obvious in this case that a community solution was quicker and cheaper; Steyn goes on to make the larger case that it’s always quicker and cheaper.

I would suggest it’s more than just quicker and cheaper—it’s more satisfying.

***

The poor will always be with us and it is our God-given responsibility to take care of them.  As part of this we certainly need state programs to help those who truly cannot help themselves.  I am pleased to have some of my tax dollars going to that end, but two finer points must be addressed.

First, it’s imperative that we distinguish between those who have less and those who are truly in need.  We will destroy society before we make everyone’s lot in life equal through redistribution.  There is a big difference between helping the poor and trying to put everyone on the same economic plane.  Commonsense should be enough to prevail here (though recent populist sentiment suggests it may not be).   Second, my concern even of helping those who are truly in need is that we are all too inclined to lay that responsibility off to an institution so that we aren’t required to get our own hands dirty.  As I stated in my previous post:

“One of the perverse consequences of the state taking on the role of the Great Equalizer is that Charity (empathy) itself starts to become the purview of government rather than people. I would suggest the hope for meaningful empathy ultimately diminishes to the extent we ask the government to be its Executor. Empathy is better administered in our schools, places of work and communities, in our churches and synagogues—in our lives. The cold (re)distribution of government rations does nothing to humanize either those who give or those who receive. It’s dehumanizing to both, and discouraging to the giver” (see Wall-e…).

Dependence on the State as the primary institution of charity is ultimately destructive to all involved: society as a whole which was my focus in writing Wall-e and the Welfare State—but also to the “giver” and perhaps most importantly, those in “need”.

SOCIETY:  I refer you back to Wall-e and the Welfare State (here); I think I said there all I would wish to say here.  In short, the laying off of responsibility for community and individual needs to state or federal agencies leads to the slow bleeding away of personal responsibility—and loss of liberty is not far behind.  In time, this is a proven path to significantly degrading a liberal democracy to the point where it becomes unrecognizable.

THE GIVER:  God didn’t give us work because he couldn’t get it done without us. He gave us work because of what he wanted to do in us. Caring for God’s creation includes, and is in fact driven by, caring for one another. It’s life-changing work—so much so that often the lines between giver and receiver blur and disappear.  When giving to others, we often find we have been recipients as well (see: upside-down, inside-out or get a copy of  Same Kind of Different As Me – Ron Hall & Denver Moore).

A state that convinces its people that taking care of the poor and disenfranchised is a responsibility (that it somehow is better equipped address than the people) rather than a privilege is stripping meaning from their lives.

THOSE IN NEED:  Need is a slippery notion.  It’s often difficult to determine what someone needs by looking at them.  It can even be hard to distinguish the needy from the content. Sure the hungry need food, the thirsty need drink and the homeless need shelter.  But isn’t there more to life?  I don’t think Jesus ever looked at someone with an outward need like hunger and saw just that physical hunger.  I don’t think he looked at the outwardly satisfied and assumed theywere without need. He knew people’s needs were deeper Meeting physical needs is critical, as Maslow’s hierarchy suggests, for one cannot focus on anything else until his basic needs are met.  But we were built for more than that and we will find it only through relationship—that elusive thing the State can never offer.

The State can provide food, clothing and shelter but it will never offer the friendship or the listening ear that we can offer one another.  And it has proven inept at empowering people to meet their own needs which is how we help people regain their dignity and rebuild their lives—not by creating a program for them or institutionalizing them, but helping them grow out of their need—and walking along-side them as they do.

In the end, personal responsibility is bigger than just you.  It means you must look to the needs of your neighbor also.  It’s meant to be harder than paying the government to do it, not easier.  But it’s humanizing and brings with it the hope of addressing deeper needs.  We want to help people recover rather than subsist; grow rather than stagnate. It’s a challenge, not a cop-out.  It’s the privilege and the responsibility God gave us when He called all of us His children.  God works in us by working through us. In many ways, it’s what we were made for.

***

(A bit of an aside): My brother and I ran the 2001 New York City marathon together.  For each of us, it was our first.  Our goal was to run the 26.2 mile course—Staten Island, to Brooklyn, to Queens, to the Bronx, to Manhattan—under four hours.  A few miles into Brooklyn (mile 5 maybe), he began to labor.  Within a few miles of that, he was suggesting I should go on without him—he thought he was slowing me down.  But we had agreed long before that we would start and finish the race together.  I was going to stay with him no matter what.  We walked occasionally throughout the day, slowed significantly in the later stages and frustratingly missed our four-hour goal by less than a minute—but we crossed the finish line together.

Over the years we have often discussed that day.  My brother thinks he held me back and that I would have easily beaten our goal if I had left him.  I have never been sure that was true.  Every time we slowed for him, it helped me.  And in many ways, I think I felt stronger at the end because we stayed together, because I stopped and walked with him.

My only other option was to let him fall behind to run alone and put him in the hands of the City to be picked up and carried home if he didn’t make it.

My brother would say I outran him that day.  The truth is, his performance was heroic to me.  He was hurting for 20 miles—but he finished.  I still think of his gutsy performance when I am struggling during a run.  I was proud to run beside him.

We shared a tremendous sense of accomplishement and brotherhood when we stood together at the finish.

***

When pressed by his critics on the issue of taxes, Jesus famously said, “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s.”  So if pressed between paying taxes and giving charitably, clearly we must do both.  Still, we should not mistake social welfare as a substitute for a hand reached out in service and friendship—a race run along-side one another. I stand by the notion that:

Empathy is better administered in our schools, places of work and communities, in our churches and synagogues—in our lives. The cold (re)distribution of government rations does nothing to humanize either those who give or those who receive.

May we never hope our personal responsibility away, lest we lose a piece of our purpose and humanity in the process (and likely our liberal democracy as well).

***

He has showed you, O man, what is good. And what does the Lord require of you? To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God—Micah 6:8